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Int J Nanomedicine. 2011;6:807-13. doi: 10.2147/IJN.S16701. Epub 2011 Apr 20.

A gold nanoshell with a silica inner shell synthesized using liposome templates for doxorubicin loading and near-infrared photothermal therapy.

Author information

1
School of Life Science and Technology, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China.

Abstract

Gold (Au) nanoshells with solid silica cores have great potential for cancer photothermal therapy. However, this nanostructure cannot carry enough drugs. Here, we report a Au nanoshell with a hollow silica core for drug loading and cancer therapy. The silica shells were synthesized using nanoliposome templates, and then Au nanoshells were grown on the outer surface of the silica shells. Transmission-electron and scanning-electron microscopy showed that the Au nanoshells were successfully fabricated, and that the liposome/SiO(2)/Au core-shell nanocomposites were spherical with a narrow size distribution. Images of several broken spheres, and the fact that hollow templates (liposomes) were used, suggest that the fabricated Au nanoshells were hollow. After doxorubicin (DOX) was incorporated into liposome/SiO(2)/Au, the DOX-loaded Au nanoshells killed cancer cells with high therapeutic efficacy when irradiated with near-infrared light, suggesting that the Au nanoshells delivered both DOX chemotherapy and photothermal therapy with a synergistic effect.

KEYWORDS:

cancer therapy; doxorubicin; gold nanoshell; liposome template; synthesis

PMID:
21589648
PMCID:
PMC3090277
DOI:
10.2147/IJN.S16701
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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