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Brain Res. 1990 Mar 5;510(2):289-95.

Mn and Mg influxes through Ca channels of motor nerve terminals are prevented by verapamil in frogs.

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Department of Physiology, Kawasaki Medical School, Okayama, Japan.


At frog neuromuscular junctions immersed in solutions containing 0.5 mM Mn2+, verapamil (40 microM) reduced the increase in miniature end-plate potential (MEPP) frequency produced by tetanic stimulation (50 Hz, 2 min) of the motor nerve to 5% of that in the absence of verapamil. In solutions containing 5 mM Mg2+, verapamil reduced the tetanic increase in MEPP frequency to 8% of that in the absence of verapamil. Verapamil added to solutions containing 0.15 mM Ca2+ decreased the tetanic rise in MEPP frequency to 6% of the control value. In low Ca2+ (nominally Ca2(+)-free) solutions, verapamil decreased the tetanic rise to 70% of the control value. The present results suggest that Mn2+ and Mg2+, as well as Ca2+, enter the nerve terminal through Ca2+ channels during nerve stimulation and promote transmitter release. In addition to its effect on the Ca2+ channel, verapamil at higher concentrations appears to have inhibitory effects on the acetylcholine-gated end-plate channel and on the Na+ channel as suggested by its depressive effects on the amplitudes of MEPPs, end-plate potentials and nerve terminal action potentials.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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