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Br J Pharmacol. 1990 Jan;99(1):131-5.

Beta 1-adrenoceptors mediate smooth muscle relaxation in mouse isolated trachea.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre, Nedlands.

Abstract

1. The relaxant effects to the beta-adrenoceptor agonists isoprenaline, adrenaline, noradrenaline, RO363, procaterol and fenoterol were investigated in carbachol-contracted mouse isolated tracheal preparations. 2. The order of potencies for those beta-adrenoceptor agonists that induced full relaxation of carbachol-contracted mouse tracheal preparations was isoprenaline greater than RO363 greater than noradrenaline = adrenaline greater than fenoterol. The EC50 value of isoprenaline for relaxation was 46 nM. The beta 1-adrenoceptor-selective agonist, RO363 was ten times more potent than the beta 2-adrenoceptor-selective agonist, fenoterol. The highly beta 2-adrenoceptor-selective agonist procaterol was a partial relaxant and induced only 28 +/- 4% relaxation. 3. Relaxations induced by noradrenaline and isoprenaline were not significantly affected by the neuronal uptake inhibitor, cocaine (10 microM) or by the extraneuronal uptake inhibitor, deoxycorticosterone acetate (25 microM) respectively. The alpha-adrenoceptor agonist methoxamine induced no observable elevation of mouse tracheal smooth muscle tone. 4. Schild plots for the beta-adrenoceptor antagonists, atenolol and betaxolol (beta 1-adrenoceptor-selective) and ICI 118,551 (beta 2-adrenoceptor-selective) were linear, with slope values approaching unity. Mean pA2 values derived for atenolol, betaxolol and ICI 118,551 for antagonism of beta-adrenoceptor-mediated relaxation were 7.1, 8.4 and 7.2, respectively. These data were independent of the use of isoprenaline or noradrenaline as the agonist. 5. These findings indicate that beta-adrenoceptor-mediated relaxations of mouse isolated trachea occur predominantly through activation of beta 1-adrenoceptors.

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