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Eur J Appl Physiol. 2012 Feb;112(2):501-11. doi: 10.1007/s00421-011-1989-x. Epub 2011 May 17.

Heart rate variability and baroreceptor sensitivity following exercise-induced hyperthermia in endurance trained men.

Author information

1
Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, 125 University, Montpetit Hall, Ottawa, ON, K1N 6N5, Canada.

Abstract

We evaluated the effect of exercise-induced hyperthermia (EIH) on autonomic nervous system (ANS) function in the early (<80 min) and late (24 and 48 h) stages of recovery. Eight males underwent three repeated 6 min 70° head-up tilts (HUT1, HUT2 and HUT3), each separated by 10-min supine rest in a non-exercise/non-heat stress control state (NHS). On a separate day, three 6 min 70° HUT were performed following EIH (esophageal temperature ≥ 40°C) and repeated after 24 and 48 h of recovery. Heart rate, stroke volume (SV), mean arterial pressure and cardiac output ([Formula: see text]) were evaluated during the last min prior to a change in posture. Responses to 70° HUT were compared to the same challenge performed without prior exercise and under a NHS condition. Relative to NHS, [Formula: see text] was maintained during the repeated HUT's following EIH, despite significant reductions in SV and sustained elevations in esophageal temperature (p < 0.05). The preserved [Formula: see text] appears to be due to increased HR (HUT1: NRS = 76 ± 3 beats min(-1), EIH = 126 ± 6 beats min(-1)) stemming from modulation of the ANS toward sympathetic dominance. Parasympathetic withdrawal was evidenced by a reduction in root mean squared successive difference (i.e., HUT1: NHS = 66 ± 12 ms, EIH = 9 ± 1 ms) of heart rate variability and paralleled by a reduction in baroreceptor sensitivity for all HUT's following EIH (p < 0.05). Despite significant modulation in ANS activity, Q is maintained and participants do not become orthostatic intolerant/syncopal during the short-term recovery period following EIH. Normal ANS and cardiovascular function is restored following 24 h of recovery.

PMID:
21584685
DOI:
10.1007/s00421-011-1989-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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