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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1990 Apr;68(4):535-8.

Atrial natriuretic peptide--cyclic GMP coupling and urinary sodium excretion during acute volume expansion in man.

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Department of Medicine I, St. Georges Hospital Medical School, London, UK.


The present study examines hormonal and renal responses to acute volume expansion in normal man, with particular emphasis on the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)--cyclic GMP coupling. Two liters of isotonic saline were infused into eight normotensive male subjects over a 1-h period. Plasma and urinary measurements were made before, during, and up to 300 min after the start of the saline infusion. With the initial increase in urinary sodium excretion there were increases in plasma ANP and plasma cyclic GMP, which reached maximum levels at 15 min after the end of the saline infusion. Urinary cyclic GMP increased gradually during saline infusion up to approximately 60 min after the end of the infusion. Plasma ANP and plasma and urinary cyclic GMP excretion gradually declined thereafter. By contrast, urinary sodium excretion remained elevated up to the end of the observation period. The saline infusion was associated with marked reductions in plasma renin activity and aldosterone, which persisted up to the end of the study. These results suggest a coupling between the increases in plasma ANP, the production of cyclic GMP, and urinary sodium excretion, in particular during the initial renal response to acute volume expansion. However, other mechanisms including the suppression of the renin--angiotensin--aldosterone system may become increasingly important in the later natriuretic response to acute volume expansion.

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