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J Trauma. 1990 Apr;30(4):445-52.

The effect of dietary fatty acids on response to Pseudomonas infection in burned mice.

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Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, OH 45267-0558.


Since fatty acids influence prostaglandin synthesis, and since both fatty acids and prostaglandins modulate immune function, we investigated the hypothesis that manipulation of dietary fats would affect survival after infection in a murine burn model. Mice were fed for 2 to 3 weeks with diets containing different types and amounts of fat. They were then subjected to a 20% flame burn and infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Survival in the group fed 40% of total calories as fish oil had significantly higher mortality than those fed safflower oil. This difference was not noted at lower fat levels. Similar groups of animals were sacrificed the day after injection. Splenic macrophage production of PGE2 was significantly lower in the fish-oil group, but production of LTB4 and TXB2 were not affected. In vitro tests of T- and B-cell function were not different amongst groups. We conclude that manipulation of dietary fats can alter outcome in this murine model of infection after thermal injury.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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