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Jpn J Cancer Res. 1990 Jan;81(1):35-42.

Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia with deleted fusion of BCR and ABL genes.

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First Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical College.


In the great majority of patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) the reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22, t(9;22)(q34;q11), resulting in the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome produces fusion DNA sequences consisting of the 5' part of the major breakpoint cluster region-1 (M-BCR-1) and the ABL protooncogene which encodes for the P210BCR-ABL phosphoprotein with tyrosine kinase activity implicated in the pathogenesis of CML. Molecular analysis was performed on 25 patients with Ph-positive CML using 2 breakpoint cluster region (bcr) probes within the M-BCR-1 DNA sequences, and two of them did not contain either detectable rearranged DNA homologous to the 5' side bcr probe or ABL-related fusion mRNA. The chromosomal in situ hybridization technique revealed that these two Ph-positive CML cases did not carry DNAs homologous to the 5' bcr or ABL probes on the Ph chromosome. Furthermore, one of the two Ph-positive CML cases did not show either rearranged DNA or regions homologous to the 3' bcr probe on a 9q+ chromosome, while the other CML case showed a rearrangement detected by the 3' bcr probe and transposition of the 3' bcr homologous to the 9q+ chromosome. Thus, the possibility is raised that the BCR/ABL fusion DNA has been deleted in rare CML cases, and that the deletion possibly occurred in a stepwise manner following the formation of the Ph chromosome at any stage of the disease.

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