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Vasc Endovascular Surg. 2011 Aug;45(6):519-23. doi: 10.1177/1538574411408742. Epub 2011 May 16.

Impact of intercostal artery occlusion on spinal cord ischemia following thoracic endovascular aortic repair.

Author information

1
Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate intercostal artery patency following thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and its relationship with spinal cord ischemia (SCI).

METHODS:

Patients with SCI (n = 7) and a matched control cohort (n = 18) were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Radiographic analysis of intercostal patency was assessed using 3-dimensional (3-D)-reconstructed images of pre- and postoperative CT angiograms (1-6 months, 6-12 months, and 1-5 years).

RESULTS:

Patients with SCI had a higher incidence of perioperative hypotension (P < .01) and longer procedure duration (P = .01). While the mean number of patent intercostal arteries at each time interval was not significantly different between groups, both SCI (P = .002) and control (P <.001) groups demonstrated a significant reduction in patent intercostal arteries in the stented area of the aorta following TEVAR.

CONCLUSION:

TEVAR decreases intercostal artery patency in the area of aortic coverage. Our data suggest that intercostal artery patency, in conjunction with perioperative hypotension, is an important contributor to postoperative SCI.

PMID:
21576208
DOI:
10.1177/1538574411408742
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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