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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990 Apr 17;1043(3):227-34.

Intracellular translocation of phosphatidate phosphatase in maturing safflower seeds: a possible mechanism of feedforward control of triacylglycerol synthesis by fatty acids.

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Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Kyoto Prefectural University, Japan.

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  • Biochim Biophys Acta 1990 Jun 28;1045(1):97.


Phosphatidate phosphatase activity was found both in the cytosol and in the microsomal membrane of maturing safflower seeds. The combined and relative activities of these two forms varied with seed maturation. During the period of rapid triacylglycerol accumulation in the cell, most of the phosphatidate phosphatase activity was membrane-bound; at the initial and last stages of seed development when triacylglycerol synthesis was at an insignificant level, the majority of the activity was soluble. The potassium salts of palmitic, stearic and oleic acids, which are the fatty acid products of proplastids, caused the translocation of the cytosolic phosphatidate phosphatase to the microsomal membrane, while laurate and linoleate, which are not products of proplastids, showed no effect. Oleoyl-CoA did not convert the soluble form of the enzyme into the membrane-bound form. The translocation induced by oleate was reversible. The cytosolic phosphatidate phosphatase of safflower seeds was not transferred to the microsomal membranes prepared from soybean, a plant species of Leguminosae, and from rapeseed, a species of Cruciferae, but was transferred to that from sunflower, which belongs to the same family as safflower, Compositae. These observations suggest that in maturing oil seeds the rate of fatty acid synthesis in proplastids may regulate the species-specific translocation of phosphatidate phosphatase between the cytosol and the endoplasmic reticulum membrane where triacylglycerol synthesis occurs and that in turn the translocation of this ambiquitous enzyme could control the rate of triacylglycerol synthesis in the cell.

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