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Comput Struct. 2011 Jun 1;89(11-12):855-867.

Quantifying blood flow and wall shear stresses in the outflow tract of chick embryonic hearts.

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  • 1Division of Biomedical Engineering, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, 97239, USA.


Wall shear stresses (WSS) exerted by blood flow on cardiac tissues modulate growth and development of the heart. To study the role of hemodynamic conditions on cardiac morphogenesis, here, we present a methodology that combines imaging and finite element modeling to quantify the in vivo blood flow dynamics and WSS in the cardiac outflow tract (OFT) of early chicken embryos (day 3 out of 21-day incubation period). We found a distinct blood flow field and heterogeneous distribution of WSS in the chicken embryonic heart OFT, which have physiological implications for OFT morphogenesis.

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