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J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2011 Jun;70(6):481-94. doi: 10.1097/NEN.0b013e31821db3aa.

Differences in origin of reactive microglia in bone marrow chimeric mouse and rat after transient global ischemia.

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Institute of Molecular Medicine, Department of Neurobiology Research, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.


Current understanding of microglial involvement in disease is influenced by the observation that recruited bone marrow (BM)-derived cells contribute to reactive microgliosis in BM-chimeric mice. In contrast, a similar phenomenon has not been reported for BM-chimeric rats. We investigated the recruitment and microglial transformation of BM-derived cells in radiation BM-chimeric mice and rats after transient global cerebral ischemia, which elicits a characteristic microglial reaction. Both species displayed microglial hyperplasia and rod cell transformation in the hippocampal CA1 region. In mice, a subpopulation of lesion-reactive microglia originated from transformed BM-derived cells. By contrast, no recruitment or microglial transformation of BM-derived cells was observed in BM-chimeric rats. These results suggest that reactive microglia in rats originate from resident microglia, whereas they have a mixed BM-derived and resident origin in mice, depending on the severity of ischemic tissue damage.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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