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Am J Clin Pathol. 2011 Jun;135(6):915-20. doi: 10.1309/AJCPW10YBRMWSWYE.

Diagnostic yield of bone marrow and peripheral blood FISH panel testing in clinically suspected myelodysplastic syndromes and/or acute myeloid leukemia: a prospective analysis of 433 cases.

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Dept. of Clinical Pathology, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.


It is unclear how often and in what setting fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) panels for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML) provide additional information over metaphase cytogenetics alone. Furthermore, the usefulness of peripheral blood vs bone marrow FISH has also not been directly compared. We prospectively compared metaphase cytogenetics and FISH for -5/5q-, -7/7q-, +8, and 20q- in 433 cases of suspected MDS/AML. FISH testing was abnormal in 6 (14%) of 43 and 10 (19%) of 54 cases with fewer than 20 normal metaphases or no growth, respectively. FISH was only rarely abnormal in cases with 20 normal metaphases obtained (6/222 [2.7%]). Comparison of peripheral blood and bone marrow results in 48 cases showed abnormal peripheral blood FISH results in 18 (69%) of 26 cases with abnormal bone marrow FISH results and in 5 (23%) of 22 cases with normal bone marrow FISH results. These findings, the largest published comparison of FISH vs metaphase cytogenetics in MDS/AML, provide a rational strategy for FISH testing in peripheral blood and bone marrow.

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