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J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2011 Sep;66(5):567-70. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbr034. Epub 2011 May 12.

The impact of resistance exercise training on the mental health of older Puerto Rican adults with type 2 diabetes.

Author information

1
Health Sciences Department, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the impact of a 16 week high-intensity progressive resistance exercise training (PRT) program on the mental health of older Puerto Rican adults with type 2 diabetes.

METHODS:

Fifty-eight Puerto Rican adults were randomly assigned to supervised PRT (n = 29) or a control group (n = 29). A secondary analyses were conducted, and 2 mental health outcomes, the Geriatric Depression Scale and the SF-36 mental component summary score, were used to assess the impact of PRT on mental health status. At baseline, no differences were found on measures of self-reported mental health status.

RESULTS:

PRT participants had significantly improved mental health status at follow-up (16 weeks).

DISCUSSION:

The incorporation of exercise into treatment planning for older adults may have important benefits on their mental health status. More work is needed to understand the mechanisms by which this occurred as well as the applicability of these findings to sustainable community programs.

PMID:
21571703
PMCID:
PMC3155029
DOI:
10.1093/geronb/gbr034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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