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Bioorg Med Chem. 2011 Jun 1;19(11):3378-83. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2011.04.037. Epub 2011 Apr 22.

New 5-deoxyflavonoids and their inhibitory effects on protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) activity.

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BK21 Project Team, College of Pharmacy, Chosun University, Dong-gu, Gwangju 501-759, Republic of Korea.


In the course of our program to search for protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTPB) inhibitors, five new 5-deoxyflavonoids along with eight known derivatives were isolated from EtOAc layer of the root bark of Erythrina abyssinica. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic (IR, UV, MS, CD, 1D- and 2D-NMR) and physicochemical analyses. All isolates exhibited moderate inhibitory effects on the enzyme assay with IC₅₀ values ranging from 14.9 ± 1.6 to 98.1 ± 11.3 μM. Compounds with prenyl and methoxy groups in the B ring (1, 2, 4, 8, and 13) possessed strong activity (IC(50) 14.9 ± 1.6 to 19.2 ± 1.1 μM), while compounds (3, 5, and 9) with 2,2-dimethylpyrano ring showed less inhibitory effect (IC₅₀ 22.6 ± 2.3 to 72.9 ± 9.7 μM). These results suggest that prenyl and methoxy groups may be responsible for the increase on the activity of 5-deoxyflavonoids against PTP1B, but the presence of 2,2-dimethylpyrano ring on the B ring may be induced the decrease of PTP1B inhibitory activity.

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