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Bioorg Med Chem. 2011 Jun 1;19(11):3425-33. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2011.04.029. Epub 2011 Apr 28.

Synthesis and preliminary evaluation of radiolabeled bis(zinc(II)-dipicolylamine) coordination complexes as cell death imaging agents.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Erratum in

  • Bioorg Med Chem. 2011 Sep 1;19(17):5277. Moore, Stephen K [added].


The aim of this study was the development of (⁹⁹m)Tc labeled bis(zinc(II)-dipicolylamine) (Zn²⁺-DPA) coordination complexes, and the in vivo evaluation of their usefulness as radiotracers for the detection of cell death. DPA ligand 1 was labeled with (⁹⁹m)Tc via the (⁹⁹m)Tc-tricarbonyl core ([(⁹⁹m)Tc(CO)₃-1]³⁺) or via HYNIC ((⁹⁹m)Tc-HYNIC-1) in good radiochemical yields. Highest in vitro stabilities were demonstrated for [(⁹⁹m)Tc(CO)₃-1]³⁺. A mouse model of hepatic apoptosis (anti-Fas mAb) was used to demonstrate binding to apoptotic cells. (⁹⁹m)Tc-HYNIC-1 showed the best targeting of apoptotic hepatic tissue with a 2.2 times higher liver uptake in anti-Fas treated mice as compared to healthy animals. A rat model of ischemia-reperfusion injury was used to further explore the ability of the (⁹⁹m)Tc-labeled Zn²⁺-DPA coordination complexes to target cell death. Selective accumulation could be detected for both tracers in the area at risk, correlating with histological proof of cell death. Area at risk to normal tissue uptake ratios were 3.82 for [(⁹⁹m)Tc(CO)₃-1]³⁺ and 5.45 for (⁹⁹m)Tc-HYNIC-1.

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