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Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2011 Nov;36(10):1441-52. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2011.03.018. Epub 2011 May 12.

Genetic and environmental effects on diurnal dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate concentrations in middle-aged men.

Author information

1
Virginia Institute for Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298-0126, United States. ecpromwormle@vcu.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) is important for its association with immune system function and health outcomes. The characterization of the genetic and environmental contributions to daily DHEAS concentrations is thus important for understanding the genetics of health and aging.

METHODS:

Saliva was collected from 783 middle-aged men (389 complete pairs and 5 unpaired twins) as part of the Vietnam Era Twin Study of Aging. Samples were taken at multiple specified time points across two non-consecutive days in the home and one day at the study sites. A twin modeling approach was used to estimate genetic and environmental contributions for time-specific and average DHEAS concentrations.

RESULTS:

There was a consistent diurnal pattern for DHEAS concentrations in both at-home and day-of-testing (DOT) measures, which was the highest at awakening and decreased slightly throughout the day. Heritability estimates were significant for measures at 10 am, 3 pm and bedtime for the in-home days and at 10 am and 3 pm on the DOT, ranging between 0.37 and 0.46.

CONCLUSIONS:

The significant heritability estimates later in the day reflect time-specific genetic effects for DHEAS, compared with prior twin and family designs studies which frequently used averaged morning-only measures. Additive genetic influences on DHEAS concentrations were consistent between at-home and DOT measures.

PMID:
21570195
PMCID:
PMC3183407
DOI:
10.1016/j.psyneuen.2011.03.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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