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J Nurs Manag. 2011 May;19(4):487-97. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2011.01237.x. Epub 2011 Apr 6.

Leadership and management in mental health nursing.

Author information

1
Centre for Women's, Family and Child Health, Vestfold University College, Tønsberg, University of Stavanger, Norway. nina.blegen@hive.no

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mental health nurses are agents of change, and their leadership, management role and characteristics exist at many levels in health care. Previous research presents a picture of mental health nurses as subordinate and passive recipients of the leader's influence and regard leadership and management as distinct from the nurses' practical work.

AIM:

The aim was to provide a synthesis of the studies conducted and to discuss the relationship between nursing leadership and nursing management in the context of mental health nursing.

METHOD:

A literature search was conducted using EBSCO-host, Academic Search Premier, Science Direct, CINAHL and PubMed for the period January 1995-July 2010.

RESULTS:

Leadership and management in the context of mental health nursing are human activities that imply entering into mutual relationships.

CONCLUSION:

Mental health nurses' leadership, management and transformational leadership are positively related in terms of effectiveness and nurses' skills.

IMPLICATION FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT:

It is important to consider mental health nurses' management as a form of leadership similar to or as a natural consequence of transformational leadership (TL) and that ethical concerns must be constantly prioritized throughout every level of the organization.

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