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Am J Med Genet A. 2011 Jun;155A(6):1285-9. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.33963. Epub 2011 May 12.

A novel mutation in PYCR1 causes an autosomal recessive cutis laxa with premature aging features in a family.

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Department of Pediatrics, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.


The autosomal recessive form of type II cutis laxa (ARCL II) is characterized by the appearance of redundant, inelastic skin with wrinkling, an aged look and additional variable systemic involvement including intrauterine growth retardation, failure to thrive, developmental delay, dysmorphism, osseous abnormality, and CNS manifestations. Several genetic defects have been found in patients and families with the clinical manifestations of ARCL II. Recently, mutations in PYCR1 have been linked to cutis laxa with progeroid features. We ascertained two siblings with of ARCL II born to non-consanguineous parents. Mutation analysis of PYCR1 revealed a novel single-base deletion (c.345delC) in exon 4 leading to frame-shift and premature stop of translation. The effect of this mutation results in a strong reduction of PYCR1 expression in skin fibroblasts from affected siblings. These two cases extend the genotypic spectrum of PYCR1-related ARCL II.

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