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Biopharm Drug Dispos. 2011 Jul;32(5):253-60. doi: 10.1002/bdd.755. Epub 2011 May 13.

Mechanisms for membrane transport of metformin in human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells.

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1
Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama, 930-0194, Japan.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanisms for membrane transport of metformin in human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells. The mRNA of not only organic cation transporter (OCT) 3, but also OCT1 and OCT2, was expressed in Caco-2 cells. The uptake of 100 µm metformin at the apical membrane of Caco-2 cells grown on porous filter membrane was significantly greater than that at the basolateral membrane. The apical uptake of 100 µm metformin in Caco-2 cells grown on plastic dishes was inhibited significantly by 1 mm unlabeled metformin, quinidine and pyrilamine, indicating that a specific transport system is involved in the apical uptake of metformin in Caco-2 cells. The apical uptake of 100 µm metformin in Caco-2 cells was decreased by acidification of the medium, but not increased by alkalization. In addition, carbonyl cyanide 4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenylhydrazone (a protonophore) had no effect on the apical uptake of metformin in Caco-2 cells at apical medium pH 8.4. These findings suggested that the apical uptake of metformin in Caco-2 cells is mediated at least partly by OCTs, but that the postulated H(+) /tertiary amine antiport system is not responsible for the apical uptake of metformin.

PMID:
21567399
DOI:
10.1002/bdd.755
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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