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Int Urogynecol J. 2011 Sep;22(9):1151-7. doi: 10.1007/s00192-011-1444-x. Epub 2011 May 13.

Weight loss improves fecal incontinence severity in overweight and obese women with urinary incontinence.

Author information

1
Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Department of Medicine, Division of Gerontology, Geriatrics, and Palliative Care, University of Alabama at Birmingham, BVAMC, GRECC 11-G, Room 8220, 700 South 19th Street, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA. amarkland@aging.uab.edu

Abstract

INTRODUCTION/HYPOTHESIS:

To estimate the effect of weight loss on fecal incontinence (FI) severity among overweight and obese women with urinary incontinence, we analyzed data from women randomized to a weight loss intervention or control condition.

METHODS:

The modified Fecal Incontinence Severity Index (FISI) was administered at 6, 12, and 18 months in 338 women. Repeated measures analyses identified factors associated with improved FISI scores among women with baseline scores >0.

RESULTS:

FISI scores improved in 45 (13%) across all time points among the 291 women (87%) completing the trial. Improved scores were associated with a one-point lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) score, p < 0.01. Improved liquid stool FI frequency was associated with ≥ 5 kg weight loss (p = 0.001), 10-g increase in fiber intake (p = 0.05), and decreased LUTS (p = 0.003).

CONCLUSIONS:

FI severity improved with weight loss. Women with liquid stool FI losing at least 5 kg and/or increased dietary fiber intake had improved FI frequency.

PMID:
21567259
PMCID:
PMC3204612
DOI:
10.1007/s00192-011-1444-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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