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J Biol Chem. 2011 Jul 1;286(26):23160-7. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.205658. Epub 2011 May 12.

The functions of TFIIF during initiation and transcript elongation are differentially affected by phosphorylation by casein kinase 2.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Genetics, Lerner Research Institute, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.

Abstract

The RNA polymerase II (pol II) initiation and elongation factor elongation factor TFIIF can be extensively phosphorylated in vivo, although the significance of this modification has not been clear. We now show that phosphorylation of recombinant TFIIF by casein kinase 2 (CK2) reduces or eliminates some of the functions of TFIIF while paradoxically leaving others intact. Phospho-IIF is fully functional in binding to free pol II and is able to support the initiation of transcription. However, the phosphorylated factor does not bind to stalled elongation complexes as measured in a gel mobility shift assay. Significantly, phosphorylation strongly reduces (or for some truncated versions of RAP74, eliminates) stimulation of transcript elongation by TFIIF. Thus, although TFIIF must participate at the initiation of transcription, its ability to continue its association with pol II and stimulate transcript elongation can be specifically regulated by CK2. This is particularly interesting because CK2 is required for initiation at a subset of pol II promoters. Modulation of TFIIF function could be important in controlling promoter-proximal pausing by pol II during the early stage of transcript elongation.

PMID:
21566144
PMCID:
PMC3123083
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M110.205658
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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