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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 May 17;57(20):1988-99. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2010.11.060.

Incidence, predictive factors, and prognostic value of myocardial injury following uncomplicated transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Author information

1
Quebec Heart & Lung Institute, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. josep.rodes@criucpq.ulaval.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study sought to: 1) determine the incidence, degree, and timing of the rise in serum cardiac markers of myocardial injury associated with uncomplicated transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI); and 2) evaluate the predictive factors and prognostic value of myocardial injury associated with TAVI.

BACKGROUND:

Very few data exist on the occurrence and clinical relevance of myocardial injury during TAVI procedures.

METHODS:

A total of 101 patients who underwent successful TAVI (transfemoral [TF] approach, n = 38; transapical [TA] approach, n = 63) were included. Creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) levels were determined at baseline and at 6 to 12, 24, 48, and 72 h following TAVI.

RESULTS:

TAVI was associated with some degree of myocardial injury in 99% of the patients (TF: 97%, TA: 100%) as determined by a rise in cTnT (maximal value, 0.48 μg/l, interquartile range [IQR]: 0.24 to 0.82 μg/l) and in 77% of the patients (TF: 47%, TA: 95%) as determined by a rise in CK-MB (maximal value, 18.6 μg/l; IQR: 11.0 to 27.4 μg/l). TA approach and baseline renal dysfunction were associated with a higher increase in biomarkers of myocardial injury (p < 0.01 for both). A larger myocardial injury was associated with a smaller improvement of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (p < 0.01). The degree of rise in cTnT was an independent predictor of cardiac mortality at 9 ± 10 months of follow-up (hazard ratio: 1.14 per each increase of 0.1 μg/l, 95% confidence interval: 1.02 to 1.28, p = 0.028).

CONCLUSIONS:

TAVI was systematically associated with some degree of myocardial injury, with TA approach and baseline renal dysfunction determining a higher increase in biomarkers of myocardial injury. A greater degree of myocardial injury was associated with less improvement in LVEF and a higher cardiac mortality at follow-up.

PMID:
21565636
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2010.11.060
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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