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Arch Med Res. 2011 Feb;42(2):88-96. doi: 10.1016/j.arcmed.2011.02.005.

Isolation and characterization of an RNA aptamer for the HPV-16 E7 oncoprotein.

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Terapia Génica, Departamento de Genética y Biología Molecular, CINVESTAV, Mexico, D.F., Mexico.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Cervical cancer is a common neoplastic disease affecting women worldwide. Expression of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) E6/E7 genes is frequently associated with cervical cancer, representing ideal targets for diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. Aptamers are oligonucleotide ligands capable of binding with high affinity and specificity to relevant markers in therapeutics and disease detection. The aim of the study was to isolate an RNA aptamer specific for the HPV-16 E7 protein.

METHODS:

Aptamers were selected from a randomized oligonucleotide library using a modified SELEX method and recombinant HPV-16 E7 protein. Isolated aptamers were cloned and sequenced for in silico analysis. Interaction and electromobility shift assays (EMSA) were performed to establish aptamer specificity and affinity for E7. RNase footprinting and serial deletions of the aptamer and the E7 protein were made to characterize the aptamer-protein complex. Sandwich slot-blot assays were used for K(D) determination.

RESULTS:

After several rounds of SELEX, an aptamer (G5α3N.4) exhibited specificity for E7 using cell-free and protein extracts. G5α3N.4 binding yielded a K(D) comparable to aptamers directed to other small targets. Enzymatic and genetic analysis of G5α3N.4 binding showed a secondary structure with two stem-loop domains joined by single-stranded region contacting E7 in a clamp-like manner. The G5α3N.4 aptamer also produced specific complexes in HPV-positive cervical carcinoma cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

The affinity and specificity of G5α3N.4 binding domains for the HPV-16 E7 protein may be used for the detection of papillomavirus infection and cervical cancer.

PMID:
21565620
DOI:
10.1016/j.arcmed.2011.02.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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