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Mol Microbiol. 2011 Jul;81(2):368-94. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2011.07698.x. Epub 2011 May 26.

Mutations in the nucleotide binding pocket of MreB can alter cell curvature and polar morphology in Caulobacter.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

Abstract

The maintenance of cell shape in Caulobacter crescentus requires the essential gene mreB, which encodes a member of the actin superfamily and the target of the antibiotic, A22. We isolated 35 unique A22-resistant Caulobacter strains with single amino acid substitutions near the nucleotide binding site of MreB. Mutations that alter cell curvature and mislocalize the intermediate filament crescentin cluster on the back surface of MreB's structure. Another subset have variable cell widths, with wide cell bodies and actively growing thin extensions of the cell poles that concentrate fluorescent MreB. We found that the extent to which MreB localization is perturbed is linearly correlated with the development of pointed cell poles and variable cell widths. Further, we find that a mutation to glycine of two conserved aspartic acid residues that are important for nucleotide hydrolysis in other members of the actin superfamily abolishes robust midcell recruitment of MreB but supports a normal rate of growth. These mutant strains provide novel insight into how MreB's protein structure, subcellular localization, and activity contribute to its function in bacterial cell shape.

PMID:
21564339
PMCID:
PMC3137890
DOI:
10.1111/j.1365-2958.2011.07698.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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