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Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2011 Aug;90(8):890-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0412.2011.01181.x. Epub 2011 Jun 20.

Self-administered symphysis-fundus measurements analyzed with a novel statistical method for detection of intrauterine growth restriction: a clinical evaluation.

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  • 1Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Uppsala University, Sweden.



To assess the ability of self-administered symphysis-fundus measurements used with the Shiryaev-Roberts statistical method (SR method) to identify growth-restricted (IUGR) fetuses and compare it with the traditional SF method (symphysis-fundus measurements used with a population-based reference curve).


Longitudinal study.


Pregnant women attending primary antenatal care centres.


From a population of 1 888 women with singleton ultrasound-dated pregnancies, we analyzed data from 1 122 women.


Weekly self-administered SF measurements from gestational week 25 until delivery were analyzed according to the SR method. Neonatal morbidity and small for gestational age (SGA) were used as proxies for IUGR. Small for gestational age was defined as a birthweight less than two standard deviations (SD) and <10th percentile. We assessed the sensitivity of the SR and the SF methods to detect neonatal morbidity and SGA.


Birth-related mortality, respiratory distress, hypoglycemia, Apgar score ≤6 at five minutes, pH ≤7.00 in the umbilical artery, neonatal care, preterm delivery, operative delivery for fetal distress and SGA. Results. For the SR method, the sensitivity for neonatal morbidity was between 6.0 and 36.4%, for SGA <2SD 36.8%, and for SGA <10th percentile 20.9%. The SF method had a sensitivity between 6.0 and 13.8% for neonatal morbidity, 52.3% for SGA <2SD and 28.6% for SGA <10th percentile.


The SR and the SF methods had low sensitivities for neonatal morbidity.

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