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J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2011 Jul;98(1):110-3. doi: 10.1002/jbm.b.31839. Epub 2011 May 11.

Synthesis and characterization of high-quality skin-cooling sheets containing thermosensitive poly(N-isopropylacrylamid).

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Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Sugitani, Toyama.


Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) is the most popular thermosensitive polymer, and exhibits a low critical solution temperature of approximately 32°C. This study aimed to examine the usefulness of new cooling sheets, which are manufactured using a thermosensitive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) material. We prepared cooling-hydrogel sheets containing PNIPAAm (PNIPAAm sheet). We measured the skin temperature on the arms of the subjects using a thermograph and compared the usefulness of the PNIPAAm sheet and a control cooling-hydrogel sheet that did not contain the PNIPAAm mixture. Thermographic measurements obtained 40 min after the treatment with the cooling sheets showed the skin temperature of the subjects treated with the 3.% (w/w) PNIPAAm sheets to be significantly lower than that of the subjects treated with the control cooling-hydrogel sheet (p < 0.005). Compared with the control sheet, the cooling effect of the new PNIPAAm sheet also persisted for a longer duration (up to 100 min). The PNIPAAm sheets exhibited excellent cooling effects. This sheet may therefore be useful for lowering the body temperature of patients with high-grade fever, such as fever due to influenza infection.

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