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Epigenetics. 2011 Jun;6(6):740-51. Epub 2011 Jun 1.

Epigenetic regulation of microRNA-10b and targeting of oncogenic MAPRE1 in gastric cancer.

Author information

1
Medical Genomics Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), Daejeon, Korea.

Abstract

MicroRNAs act as negative regulators of gene expression, and the altered expression of microRNAs by epigenetic mechanisms is strongly implicated in carcinogenesis. Here we report that the microRNA-10b gene (miR-10b) was silenced in gastric cancer cells by promoter methylation. In this study, using a methylation array and bisulfate pyrosequencing analysis, we found that miR-10b promoter CpGs were heavily methylated in gastric cancers. Clinicopathologic data showed that miR-10b methylation increased with patient age and occurred significantly more frequently in intestinal-type (28/44, 64%) than in diffuse-type (22/56, 39%) gastric cancers (P = 0.016). In addition, miR-10b methylation was also associated with an increase in expression of the oncogene that encodes microtubule-associated protein, RP/EB family, member 1 (MAPRE1; P = 0.004), which was identified as a potential miR-10b target. After 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine treatment of gastric cancer cells, miR-10b methylation was significantly decreased, and expression of miR-10b and HOXD4, which is 1 kb downstream of miR-10b, was greatly restored. Moreover, decreased MAPRE1 expression coincided with increased miR-10b expression, suggesting that miR-10b targets MAPRE1 transcription. We also found that transfection with precursor miR-10b into gastric cancer cells dramatically decreased MAPRE1 mRNA and protein, resulting in a significant decrease in colony formation and cell growth rates. Thus, we show a tumor-suppressive role for miR-10b in gastric carcinogenesis. miR-10b methylation may be a useful molecular biomarker for assessing the risk of gastric cancer development, and modulation of miR-10b may represent a therapeutic approach for treating gastric cancer.

PMID:
21562367
DOI:
10.4161/epi.6.6.15874
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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