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J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Jun 8;59(11):6221-6. doi: 10.1021/jf200115y. Epub 2011 May 11.

Novel antioxidant reactions of cinnamates in wine.

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  • 1Department of Viticulture and Enology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA.

Abstract

Plant-derived polyphenolic compounds have received much attention for their ability to sequester high-energy free radicals in a great variety of food-related and biological systems, protecting those systems from oxidative change. The ability of these compounds to scavenge free radicals has always been attributed to their phenolic functionality, from which a hydrogen atom can be easily abstracted. In this study, the cinnamates and the ubiquitous hydroxycinnamates were found to equally suppress the formation of oxidation products in wine exposed to the Fenton reaction (catalytic Fe(II) with hydrogen peroxide). Mechanistic investigations led to the unexpected discovery that the α,β-unsaturated side chain of cinnamic acids could efficiently trap 1-hydroxyethyl radicals, representing a newly discovered mode of antioxidant radical scavenging activity for these broadly occurring compounds in a food system. The proposed pathway is supported by prior fundamental studies with radiolytically generated radicals.

PMID:
21561133
DOI:
10.1021/jf200115y
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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