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J Phys Condens Matter. 2011 Jun 1;23(21):213001. doi: 10.1088/0953-8984/23/21/213001. Epub 2011 May 11.

On the origin of charge-density waves in select layered transition-metal dichalcogenides.

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Institute for Experimental and Applied Physics, University of Kiel, D-24098 Kiel, Germany.


The occurrence of charge-density waves in three selected layered transition-metal dichalcogenides-1T-TaS(2), 2H-TaSe(2) and 1T-TiSe(2)-is discussed from an experimentalist's point of view with a particular focus on the implications of recent angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy results. The basic models behind charge-density-wave formation in low-dimensional solids are recapitulated, the experimental and theoretical results for the three selected compounds are reviewed, and their band structures and spectral weight distributions in the commensurate charge-density-wave phases are calculated using an empirical tight-binding model. It is explored whether the origin of charge-density waves in the layered transition-metal dichalcogenides can be understood in a unified way on the basis of a few measured and calculated parameters characterizing the interacting electron-lattice system. It is found that the predictions of the standard mean-field model agree only semi-quantitatively with the experimental data and that there is not one generally dominant factor driving charge-density-wave formation in this family of layer compounds. The need for further experimental and theoretical scrutiny is emphasized.

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