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Nat Commun. 2011;2:307. doi: 10.1038/ncomms1309.

α-Mannosidase 2C1 attenuates PTEN function in prostate cancer cells.

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Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 4A6.


PTEN dephosphorylates the 3-position phosphate of phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5 triphosphate (PIP(3)), thereby inhibiting AKT activation. Although attenuation of PTEN function has a major role in tumourigenesis, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here we show that α-mannosidase 2C1 (MAN2C1) inhibits PTEN function in prostate cancer (PC) cells and is associated with a reduction in PTEN function in primary PC. MAN2C1 activates AKT and promotes the formation of PTEN-positive DU145 cell-derived xenograft tumours by imparing endogenous PTEN function. In 659 PC patients who were examined, ~60% of tumours were PTEN positive with elevated AKT activation. Of these, 80% display MAN2C1 overexpression that co-localizes with PTEN. Increases in MAN2C1 were detected only in PTEN-positive prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and carcinomas, and showed a significant association with PC recurrence only in patients with PTEN-positive PCs. Mechanistically, MAN2C1 binds PTEN thereby inhibiting its PIP(3) phosphatase activity. These findings show that MAN2C1 function as a PTEN-negative regulator in PC cells.

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