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Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2011 Jul 1;3(7). pii: a002626. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a002626.

Unique aspects of transcription regulation in male germ cells.

Author information

1
School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AX, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Spermatogenesis is a complex and ordered differentiation process in which the spermatogonial stem cell population gives rise to primary spermatocytes that undergo two successive meiotic divisions followed by a major biochemical and structural reorganization of the haploid cells to generate mature elongate spermatids. The transcriptional regulatory programs that orchestrate this process have been intensively studied in model organisms such as Drosophila melanogaster and mouse. Genetic and biochemical approaches have identified the factors involved and revealed mechanisms of action that are unique to male germ cells. In a well-studied example, cofactors and pathways distinct from those used in somatic tissues mediate the action of CREM in male germ cells. But perhaps the most striking feature concerns the paralogs of somatically expressed transcription factors and of components of the general transcription machinery that act in distinct regulatory mechanisms in both Drosophila and murine spermatogenesis.

PMID:
21555408
PMCID:
PMC3119912
DOI:
10.1101/cshperspect.a002626
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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