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Pediatr Surg Int. 2011 Jul;27(7):781-5. doi: 10.1007/s00383-011-2913-5. Epub 2011 May 8.

Efficacy of bladder irrigation and surveillance program in prevention of urinary tract infections and bladder calculi in children with an ileocystoplasty and bladder neck repair.

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Department of Paediatric Urology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK.



In children with bladder augmentation and particularly in those with bladder neck repair (BNR), urinary tract infections (UTI) and bladder calculi are a recognised problem. Bladder irrigation potentially prevents these complications. Our aim was to investigate the efficacy of bladder irrigation supported by a surveillance program in prevention of UTI and bladder calculi in these children.


A cohort of children subjected to ileocystoplasty with a stoma for clean intermittent self catheterisation with or without BNR was retrospectively analysed. The children were subjected to bladder irrigation and monitored by Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNS) according to a protocol. Patients' demographics, treatment methods and postoperative management were reviewed. Compliance to bladder irrigation was assessed with questionnaires. UTI recurrence and bladder calculi during follow-up were assessed.


28 children were included in this study. The median follow-up was 48 months (range 6-87). Compliance could be assessed in all children, except in one child (3.5%). There was no recurrent UTI reported, bladder calculi occurred in two children (7%).


Our bladder irrigation regime resulted in a low incidence of calculi by preventing recurrent UTI. The surveillance program resulted in high compliance rates in children with an augmented bladder with or without BNR.

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