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Lab Chip. 2011 Jul 7;11(13):2241-6. doi: 10.1039/c1lc20272c. Epub 2011 May 9.

Photophoretic assembly and migration of dielectric particles and Escherichia coli in liquids using a subwavelength diameter optical fiber.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, School of Physics and Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China.


We demonstrate a photophoretic assembly and migration of dielectric (SiO(2) and TiO(2)) particles and bacteria (Escherichia coli) in liquids by using a subwavelength diameter fiber. With a lightwave at 1.55 μm launched into the fiber, the objects are radiated by the leaking light of the fiber to yield negative photophoretic forces which drive the objects to move toward the fiber, with an average assembling/migrating speed of 5-15 individuals per second (ind/s). The influences of laser-on duration, optical power, and size of particles on the photophoretic velocities are also investigated.

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