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PLoS One. 2011 Apr 28;6(4):e19238. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0019238.

From isotropic to anisotropic side chain representations: comparison of three models for residue contact estimation.

Author information

1
Zhou Pei-Yuan Center for Applied Mathematics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. sunwt@tsinghua.edu.cn

Abstract

The criterion to determine residue contact is a fundamental problem in deriving knowledge-based mean-force potential energy calculations for protein structures. A frequently used criterion is to require the side chain center-to-center distance or the -to- atom distance to be within a pre-determined cutoff distance. However, the spatially anisotropic nature of the side chain determines that it is challenging to identify the contact pairs. This study compares three side chain contact models: the Atom Distance criteria (ADC) model, the Isotropic Sphere Side chain (ISS) model and the Anisotropic Ellipsoid Side chain (AES) model using 424 high resolution protein structures in the Protein Data Bank. The results indicate that the ADC model is the most accurate and ISS is the worst. The AES model eliminates about 95% of the incorrectly counted contact-pairs in the ISS model. Algorithm analysis shows that AES model is the most computational intensive while ADC model has moderate computational cost. We derived a dataset of the mis-estimated contact pairs by AES model. The most misjudged pairs are Arg-Glu, Arg-Asp and Arg-Tyr. Such a dataset can be useful for developing the improved AES model by incorporating the pair-specific information for the cutoff distance.

PMID:
21552527
PMCID:
PMC3084275
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0019238
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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