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Eur J Pharmacol. 1990 Jan 23;188(1):63-70.

Evidence for a functional coupling of the NMDA and glycine recognition sites in synaptic plasma membranes.

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  • 1CNS Diseases Research, G. D. Searle and Company, St. Louis, MO 63198.


Activation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex is subject to modulation via interactions at a coupled [3H]glycine recognition site in rat brain synaptic plasma membranes (SPM). We examined the effect of the potent and specific glycine site antagonists, 1-hydroxy-3-amino-2-pyrrolidone (HA-966) and 1-aminocyclobutane-1-carboxylate (ACBC), on the NMDA recognition site. These glycine analogs were found to significantly stimulate the binding of the competitive NMDA antagonist, [3H]3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-y1)propyl-1-phosphonate ([3H]CPP) in a dose-dependent fashion, whereas both compounds inhibited NMDA-specific L-[3H]glutamate (agonist) binding. Additionally, both glycine antagonists reduced the binding of [3H]1-[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine ([3H]TCP) to SPM, a functional assessment of activation of the NMDA receptor-channel complex. The glycine site agonists, glycine and serine reversed these effects in a dose-dependent manner, with the serine reversal being stereospecific for D-serine. The relative potencies of these compounds in reversing the glycine antagonist effects on the NMDA recognition site corresponded with their ability to competitively displace strychnine-insensitive [3H]glycine binding. These results provide evidence for a functional coupling between the glycine and NMDA recognition sites and further, may provide a mechanism by which compounds interacting at the glycine recognition site may modulate NMDA receptor activity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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