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J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011 Dec;69(12):3032-7. doi: 10.1016/j.joms.2010.12.046. Epub 2011 May 7.

Oral piercings: immediate and late complications.

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1
School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pará-UFPA, Belém, Brazil.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Oral piercings have a long history as part of religious, cultural, or sexual symbolism in many traditional tribes; currently, these ornaments have wide acceptance among young people. Several oral and systemic complications may be associated with this practice; however, limited data related to these complications can be obtained in the literature.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

This study includes 42 cases of oral piercings in 39 young adults, who were using or had used oral piercings, and the complications associated with their use.

RESULTS:

Immediate complications occurred in 29 cases, including excessive bleeding (69%) and pain (52.3%) as the most representative. Two cases of syncope were found. Late complications related to the piercing insertion site were observed in 97.6% of cases, with pain and swelling being present in 92.9% and 61.9% of cases, respectively. Dental pain and lacerations on the tongue represented the most prevalent complications associated with the surrounding tissues, accounting for 33.3% and 31% of cases.

CONCLUSIONS:

The use of oral piercings is related to a series of mainly local complications, and individuals who decide to use piercings should be aware of such complications. Individuals wishing to get a part of their body pierced should do so with qualified professionals and should regularly visit the dentist so that a regular control is achieved, thus ensuring the early detection of the adverse effects associated with this practice.

PMID:
21550157
DOI:
10.1016/j.joms.2010.12.046
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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