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Med Clin North Am. 2011 May;95(3):495-506, x. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2011.03.003.

Falls, osteoporosis, and hip fractures.

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  • 1Jefferson Barracks Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Saint Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, #1 Jefferson Barracks Drive, St Louis, MO 63125, USA.


Osteoporosis and falls are distinct conditions that share the potential clinical endpoint of fracture. This article explores the associations between osteoporosis and falls by examining the epidemiology, risk factors, risk prevention, and treatments. It outlines the evidence on falls prevention, osteoporosis diagnosis, and fracture risk assessment. It includes several studies that challenge the common view on the use of fall prevention tools, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry testing, and postfracture bisphosphonate treatment. By understanding the evidence, it becomes clearer how to target populations at risk, interpret screening methods, and promote disease prevention and treatment.

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