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Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2012 Jan;11(1):95-105. doi: 10.1517/14740338.2011.584531. Epub 2011 May 9.

Adverse drug reactions in newborns, infants and toddlers: pediatric pharmacovigilance between present and future.

Author information

1
Luigi Sacco Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via GB Grassi, 74, 20157, Milan, Italy. fabiano.valentina@hsacco.it

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are the primary aims of pharmacovigilance activities. Pediatric patients, especially all newborns and infants, are particularly at risk for experiencing drug-related adverse events.

AREAS COVERED:

This review briefly analyzes the physiological peculiarities of pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic aspects of drugs in newborns, infants and toddlers and children. It also deals with specific pediatric pharmacovigilance aspects, such as the frequent use of unlicensed and/or off-label drugs in neonatal intensive care units in European countries and in Australia. This review reports on European, American and Canadian data about the incidence and type of pediatric ADRs, particularly focusing on neonates, infants and toddlers.

EXPERT OPINION:

The awareness of pediatricians about the importance of reporting ADRs should be stimulated, new reporting systems should be encouraged and pediatric pharmacovigilance activities should be improved, first, by intensifying active post-marketing surveillance methods.

PMID:
21548838
DOI:
10.1517/14740338.2011.584531
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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