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Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2011;12(2):561-6.

Cervical human papilloma virus infection among the general female population in Vietnam: a situation analysis.

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Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Hanoi School of Public Health, Hanoi, Vietnam.


Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the necessary cause of cervical cancer. This survey used a sample of 1,500 married women aged 15-69 to examine the prevalence of HPV infection and HPV specific types in Vietnam as well as risk factors of HPV infection. Results indicated that the prevalence of HPV infection in Hanoi and HCM was 6.13 and 8.27. The proportion of multiple HPV infection was also higher in HCM than in Hanoi (35.5% vs. 17.4%). Risk factors having significant associations with general HPV infection were early age at first sexual intercourse, number of life time sexual partners and period of use of oral contraceptives. Future implementation of HPV vaccine campaigns in Vietnam should consider the fact that HPV type 58 is common among both Hanoi and HCM populations, which none of the currently available vaccines target.

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