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Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2011 May;21(4):616-24. doi: 10.1097/IGC.0b013e3182150e98.

Tissue factor-factor VIIa complex induces epithelial ovarian cancer cell invasion and metastasis through a monocytes-dependent mechanism.

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Department of Neurobiology, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.



Tumor-associated macrophage infiltration and up-regulation of tissue factor-factor VII (TF-FVIIa) complex have been observed in the peritoneum and stroma of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). However, it is not clear how tumor-associated macrophage and TF-FVIIa complex promotes EOC invasion. In the present study, we aimed to determine the mechanism by which interaction of TF-FVIIa and monocytes (MOs) promotes EOC metastasis.


Matrigel invasion assay was used to analyze the potential of EOC metastasis. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and real-time polymerase chain reaction were used to detect expressions of cytokines and chemokines. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting was used to count the percentage of CD14, CD68, and CD163 of MOs.


We found that the TF-FVIIa complex caused dynamic changes in MOs cytokine and chemokine expression. CD14 and CD163 were also upregulated on MOs by TF-FVIIa. Epithelial ovarian cancer cells were cocultured with TF-FVIIa-stimulated MOs, demonstrating increased invasion potential. Interleukin 8 (IL-8) was proposed as the major chemoattractant mediating EOC invasion based on MOs messenger RNA and protein expression profiles. Anti-IL-8 monoclonal neutralizing antibody attenuated EOC cell invasion in a concentration-dependent manner, and tumor necrosis factor α from TF-FVIIa-stimulated MOs was observed to amplify IL-8 production. The following transcription factors in MOs were activated by TF-FVIIa and inhibited by the tissue factor pathway inhibitor: oncogenes HIF-1α, HIF-1β, Oct I, Oct II, and Egr-1; inflammatory mediators c-Fos and c-Rel; and STAT family members STAT5A and STAT5B.


Our study suggested that the interaction between the TF-FVIIa complex might play a role in mediating EOC invasion and metastasis depending on MOs mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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