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Sports Med Arthrosc Rev. 2011 Jun;19(2):82-92. doi: 10.1097/JSA.0b013e318210c0aa.

Normal anatomy and biomechanics of the knee.

Author information

1
Hughston Foundation and the Hughston Clinic, Columbus, GA, USA. docflandry@aol.com

Abstract

Functionally, the knee comprises 2 articulations-the patellofemoral and tibiofemoral. Stability of the joint is governed by a combination of static ligaments, dynamic muscular forces, meniscocapsular aponeurosis, bony topography, and joint load. The surgeon is ill equipped to undertake surgical treatment of a dislocated knee without a sound footing in the anatomic complexities of this joint. We review the normal anatomy of the knee, emphasizing connective tissue structures and common injury patterns.

PMID:
21540705
DOI:
10.1097/JSA.0b013e318210c0aa
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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