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Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2011 Jun;4(3):256-65. doi: 10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.110.959718. Epub 2011 May 3.

Long-term outcome of percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy: a Scandinavian multicenter study.

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1
Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. mortenjensen@dadlnet.dk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Single-center reports on percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy have shown considerable differences in outcome.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We report the long-term outcome of 313 PTSMA procedures performed in 279 patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy aged 59±14 years from 1999 to 2010 in 4 Scandinavian centers. Sixty-nine percent of patients had ≥1 comorbidity at baseline. The median (interquartile range) of left ventricular outflow tract gradient at rest was reduced from 58 mm Hg (34 to 89 mm Hg) at baseline to 12 mm Hg (8 to 24 mm Hg) at 1-year (P<0.001) and during Valsalva maneuver from 93 mm Hg (70 to 140 mm Hg) to 21 mm Hg (11 to 42 mm Hg) (P<0.001). The proportion of patients with syncope was reduced from 18% to 2% (P<0.001), and the proportion in New York Heart Association class III/IV was reduced from 94% to 21% (P<0.001). All treatment effects remained stable during the follow-up. New York Heart Association class III/IV at the most recent follow-up (2.9±2.6 years) was associated with diabetes mellitus (P=0.03), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (P=0.02), and valve disease unrelated to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (P<0.01). In-hospital mortality was 0.3%. The 1-, 5- and 10-year survival rates were 97%, 87%, and 67%, respectively (P=0.06 versus an age- and sex-matched background population) in all patients and 99%, 94%, and 88%, respectively (P=0.12) in patients aged <60 years (48±9 years, n=141). Age (hazard ratio, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.1) was the only predictor of survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this multicenter study, the in-hospital mortality after PTSMA was low despite considerable comorbidities. The hemodynamic and symptomatic effects were sustained long term. The long-term symptomatic outcome was associated with baseline comorbidities. The 10-year survival rate was comparable to that in an age- and sex-matched background population, and age was the only predictor of survival.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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