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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1990 Jan;7(1):39-44.

Transfection of PC12 cells with the human GAP-43 gene: effects on neurite outgrowth and regeneration.

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Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.


The neuronal growth associated protein GAP-43 is expressed at high levels during axonal growth and regeneration. In this report, we describe the transfection of the nerve growth factor (NGF)-responsive pheochromocytoma cell line PC12 with the human GAP-43 cDNA under the control of the Moloney murine leukemia virus long terminal repeat (MoMuLV LTR). Two PC12 subclones were isolated that constitutively expressed GAP-43 from the transfected cDNA and showed increased responsiveness to NGF. Of the two transfected PC12 subclones, the subclone expressing the most human GAP-43 RNA showed an accelerated initial neurite outgrowth response and a 10-fold increased sensitivity to NGF. Neurite regeneration was significantly enhanced in both transfected subclones and, in contrast to untreated PC12 cells, could occur transiently in the absence of added NGF. These results suggest that GAP-43 may potentiate the action of NGF on neurite initiation and regeneration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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