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J Med Chem. 1990 Feb;33(2):661-7.

Synthesis and biological activity of atrial natriuretic factor analogues: effect of modifications to the disulfide bridge.

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1
Bio Mega Laboratories, Laval, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

A series of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) analogues with modifications to the disulfide bridge and lacking the exocyclic N-terminal sequence was synthesized. The native cystine residue was substituted by isofunctional deamino carba, beta,beta-dimethyl carba and dehydro dicarba spanners that bridge residues 106 and 120. The compounds were prepared by segment condensation coupling using the base-labile (9-fluorenylmethyl)carboxyl protecting group. Biological evaluation revealed that the exocyclic N-terminal segment of ANF is not necessary for expression of high biological activity. The compounds retained high affinity for ANF receptors in bovine adrenal zona glomerulosa cells and were found to be potent antihypertensive and diuretic agents, indicating that the native disulfide bridge can be mimicked by isosteric spanning residues. It was noted that the reported analogues, unlike the endogenous hormone, show marked reduced inhibitory activity on PGE1-stimulated aldosterone secretion from adrenal zona glomerulosa cells. This lack of inhibition may be a contributing element to the low saluresis in spite of the high level of diuresis observed with some analogues.

PMID:
2153824
DOI:
10.1021/jm00164a031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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