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J Occup Environ Med. 2011 May;53(5 Suppl):S1-10; quiz S11-2. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31821aec20.

Shift work and sleep: optimizing health, safety, and performance.

[No authors listed]


Shift work is a fundamental component of the US workforce and an integral part of the lifestyles of a large proportion of the population. More than 22 million Americans work on shifts as part of their work life. Emerging research suggests that shift workers are at higher risk for a range of metabolic disorders and diseases (eg, obesity, cardiovascular disease, peptic ulcers, gastrointestinal problems, abnormal blood glucose levels, and metabolic syndrome). Sleep disorders associated with shift work also pose a serious public health risk, as they can impair an individual's ability to perform effectively and may lead to occupational and traffic accidents.

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