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J Food Sci. 2010 Sep;75(7):T123-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01743.x. Epub 2010 Sep 2.

Assessment of dietary intake of patulin from baby foods.

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Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Facoltà di Medicina Veterinaria, Univ. degli Studi di Bari, Strada Provinciale per Casamassima, km 3, 70010 (BA), Italy.


Patulin is a mycotoxin produced by microscopic fungi belonging to the Penicillium and Aspergillus genera, frequently detectable in moldy fruits and their derivatives fruit products. The EC Regulation 1881/06 has imposed the limit for the presence of patulin equal to 10 μg/kg or 10 μg/L in baby food on the basis of a PMTDI of 0.4 μg/kg bw set by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). A total of 120 homogenized baby foods were analyzed to evaluate the exposure of baby and children to patulin through the consumption of these products. None of examined samples has shown a toxin concentration above the limit imposed by the law, however a PAT concentration equal to 9 μg/kg was found in 22 samples, slightly below the fixed limit. The presence of patulin in marketed baby food can be regarded as a parameter indicative of the quality of raw materials used.

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