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Traffic. 2011 Aug;12(8):1037-55. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0854.2011.01214.x. Epub 2011 May 30.

Lysosomal membrane protein composition, acidic pH and sterol content are regulated via a light-dependent pathway in metazoan cells.

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1
National Centre for Biological Sciences, Bangalore, India.

Abstract

In metazoans, lysosomes are characterized by a unique tubular morphology, acidic pH, and specific membrane protein (LAMP) and lipid (cholesterol) composition as well as a soluble protein (hydrolases) composition. Here we show that perturbation to the eye-color gene, light, results in impaired lysosomal acidification, sterol accumulation, altered endosomal morphology as well as compromised lysosomal degradation. We find that Drosophila homologue of Vps41, Light, regulates the fusion of a specific subset of biosynthetic carriers containing characteristic endolysosomal membrane proteins, LAMP1, V0-ATPase and the cholesterol transport protein, NPC1, with the endolysosomal system, and is then required for the morphological progression of the multivesicular endosome. Inhibition of Light results in accumulation of biosynthetic transport intermediates that contain these membrane cargoes, whereas under similar conditions, endosomal delivery of soluble hydrolases, previously shown to be mediated by Dor, the Drosophila homologue of Vps18, is not affected. Unlike Dor, Light is recruited to endosomes in a PI3P-sensitive fashion wherein it facilitates fusion of these biosynthetic cargoes with the endosomes. Depletion of the mammalian counterpart of Light, hVps41, in a human cell line also inhibits delivery of hLAMP to endosomes, suggesting an evolutionarily conserved pathway in metazoa.

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