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Chest. 1990 Feb;97(2):396-9.

Cytomegalovirus seronegative heart transplant recipients. Prophylactic use of anti-CMV immunoglobulin.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Rotterdam-Dijkzigt, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Thirty-two CMV seronegative heart transplant patients received prophylactic anti-CMV immunoglobulin during the first three posttransplant months. One of the 16 recipients of a heart from a seronegative donor acquired CMV infection and developed CMV disease. In eight of the 16 recipients of a heart from a seropositive donor, CMV infection was observed. Viremia was diagnosed in seven of them, but only two of these patients developed CMV disease. The incidence of CMV infection and of CMV disease in the globulin-treated CMV seronegative recipients of a heart from a seropositive donor was comparable to the incidence of CMV infection and of CMV disease in 31 nonglobulin-treated CMV seropositive recipients. This was significantly lower (percentage difference 69 percent, 95 percent CI 42-97 percent, p less than 0.001) than expected on the basis of the data from the literature and indicates that passive immunization with anti-CMV immunoglobulins induces the same protection against CMV disease as natural acquired anti-CMV resistance. This protective effect was temporary, as one patient developed symptomatic CMV infection four months after transplantation at a time when the anti-CMV immunoglobulin levels had decreased to pretransplantation values.

PMID:
2153508
DOI:
10.1378/chest.97.2.396
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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