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Ann Behav Med. 2011 Oct;42(2):227-34. doi: 10.1007/s12160-011-9275-z.

Prospective associations between HIV-related stigma, transmission risk behaviors, and adverse mental health outcomes in men who have sex with men.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. mlh2101@columbia.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The vast majority of research on HIV-related stigma has been cross sectional, and few studies have examined whether experiencing stigma is associated with sexual risk behaviors.

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study is to examine the prospective relationships between experiencing HIV-related stigma and symptoms of anxiety and depression, as well as sexual transmission risk behavior.

METHODS:

The sample included HIV-infected men who have sex with men (n = 314) who participated in a secondary HIV-prevention study at their primary care site. Participants were assessed at baseline, and then completed follow-up assessments at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months.

RESULTS:

Experiencing HIV-related stigma was prospectively associated with symptoms of depression (β = 0.16, p < .001), panic (β = 0.11, p = .01), and generalized anxiety (β = 0.05, p = .05). In addition, perceiving HIV-related stigma was prospectively associated with transmission risk behaviors, including unprotected receptive or insertive anal intercourse with HIV-seronegative or status unknown partners (β = 0.06, p = .047).

CONCLUSIONS:

Experiencing HIV-related stigma may increase risk for sexual transmission risk behavior and mental health problems.

PMID:
21533623
PMCID:
PMC3651589
DOI:
10.1007/s12160-011-9275-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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