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Oncogene. 2011 Nov 3;30(44):4453-63. doi: 10.1038/onc.2011.152. Epub 2011 May 2.

A novel tumor-derived SGOL1 variant causes abnormal mitosis and unstable chromatid cohesion.

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First Department of Pathology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Japan.


Mitosis is the most conspicuous cell cycle phase, because it is the phase in which the dynamic physical distributions of cellular components into the two daughter cells occur. The separation of sister chromatids is especially important during mitosis, because of the extreme accuracy required for distribution to the next generation of cells. Shugoshin-like 1 (SGOL1) is a key protein in protecting sister chromatids from precocious separation. We have reported finding that chromosome instability is more likely in SGOL1-downregulated colorectal cancers, but it is still unknown whether there is an association between cancer and SGOL1 transcript variation. Here, we identified a novel SGOL1 variant, SGOL1-P1, in human colon cancer. The SGOL1-P1 transcript contains an exon-skip of exon 3 that results in a stop codon occurring within exon 4. Overexpression of SGOL1-P1 in HCT116 cells resulted in an increased number of cells with aberrant chromosome alignment, precociously separated chromatids and delayed mitotic progression, occasionally followed by inaccurate distribution of the chromosomes. These phenotypes, observed when SGOL1-P1 was present, were also observed very frequently in SGOL1-knockdown cells. Furthermore, the overexpression of SGOL1-P1 inhibited the localization of endogenous SGOL1 and cohesin subunit RAD21/SCC1 to the centromere. These results suggest that SGOL1-P1 may function as a negative factor to native SGOL1, and that abundant expression of SGOL1-P1 may be responsible for chromosomal instability.

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